In a consultation on ‘Muslim girls, laws and Sexualities’, researcher Afia Zia and Fauzia Viqar spoke about the own family laws and Muslim women with admire to socio-political order, secularism and feminism.

Viqar spoke approximately the demanding situations and limitations that women in Pakistan faced in the regulation and in society.

Fauzia Viqar stated there were three or four simple laws that assure women their rights in a circle of relatives machine, along with the Muslim circle of relatives legal guidelines Ordinance (MFLO) fashioned in 1961, Dissolution of Marriage Act, the kid Custody regulation and the child Marriage Restraint Act, with amendments in 2017.

She stated at the same time as these legal guidelines had made positive enhancements there was loads extra left to do. She said the MFLO for the first time gave the proper to divorce, the proper to use for khula (permission for divorce), and the right to refuse her husband every other marriage.

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She said it need to be mentioned that the Christians, the Hindus and the Sikhs had their personal marriage and divorce laws, even though they too needed a whole lot of paintings on these to guard the ladies’s rights.

“We nevertheless see many troubles arising from lack of implementation and the mindset starting from the judges all the way down to the process servers,” she said.

She stated the worst element changed into the discrimination between the a while of boys and girls in the child Marriage Restraint Act where girls’ age is given as sixteen years and boys’ age as 18 years.

“on every occasion we speak approximately changing this, there seems to be an uproar as though we're going towards the fundamental tenets of religion,” she stated. “The same is the case with proper to refuse polygamy. Nobody wants to accept this.”

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Ms Viqar additionally referred to safety of ladies submit divorce, and stated that ladies must receive economic support after divorce. Girls’s proper in marital property must be divided equally too.

meanwhile, Afia Zia, a feminist, researcher and creator of ‘faith and Feminism’ spoke approximately the women in Pakistan and the way they had changed under every regime. She addressed the put up-September 11 scenario in regards to ladies moves inside the Muslim context.

She stated Gen Zia had politicised girls’s sexuality and painted the photograph of immoral girls as folks who have been open approximately themselves.

“Zina have become an smooth device to manipulate girls with, and was utilized by the nation, via society and by way of households and parents,” she said. “4 a long time later ladies are nonetheless easy goals and are being used to in addition set up patriarchy in specific ways.”

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speaking approximately women’s movements, Ms Zia said a winning belief turned into that there were no rural movements, but she counted out the female medical experts’ motion that controlled to regularise their positions, as well as boost their salaries throughout Pakistan, the Sindhyani tehreek (starting from rural Sindh) and the ladies councillors’ and the hari moves.

“there may be a distinction of political positioning among women activists and feminists,” she delivered. “Feminists tackle issues that impact greater than simply women. They speak of human rights essentially.”

In her e book, Afiya Zia says that the Muslim ladies’s secular autonomy guarantees major transformation and effectively demanding situations Muslim male dominance.

In a consultation ‘Fog from London to Lahore’, Dr Christina Corton and Ahmed Rafay Alam spoke about the fog (now smog) that infected London again in the Victorian generation whilst nowadays Lahore was also struggling further.

In an interesting presentation, Dr Corton confirmed photos, cartoons, and paintings via individuals who depicted the infamous London fog, on occasion even known as the London particular.

Rafay stated Lahore was suffering the same manner and most effective Saturday’s air exceptional readings had been 163 (AQ) and PM 2.5, which became double the limit. He stated humans should speak out towards it.


firstly posted in sunrise, January thirteenth, 2019